Volunteers are groups that are beneficial to people and society and have a clear goal in their activities, in a voluntary manner (to put it more clearly, impartially, selflessly, for merit).
Without excluding the fact that volunteer activities are developing in other countries of the world, I say that this modern social movement has deep roots in our country.
Currently, there are large professional voluntary organizations in about 100 countries on earth. Due to the fact that they are fully supported by the states, the volunteer sector is becoming an important component of the socio-economic development of the society.
Since there is no specific mechanism for regulating the activities of volunteers in our country, in order to fill the gap in the legislation and prevent illegal actions that may occur in connection with this type of activity, on December 2, 2019, O' Law No. RQ-585 "On Voluntary Activities" was adopted.
Article 3 of the law defines the main concepts of activity:volunteer - a natural person performing volunteer activities;volunteering - implementation of voluntary activities by citizens, their groups or voluntary organizations in the interests of individuals and (or) legal entities;
volunteer activity is a type of voluntary activity that is socially oriented and useful for the public, carried out free of charge for the benefit of individuals and (or) legal entities.
Goals and tasks of volunteering:The goals of volunteering are to provide assistance to individuals and legal entities, to society as a whole, to protect the environment, to participate in socially important events with the consent of their organizers, to develop a civic perspective in society, self-organization, social responsibility. is to form feelings of responsibility, solidarity, mutual help and compassion.
According to the law, the tasks of volunteering are as follows:formation of mechanisms to involve citizens in various public activities aimed at improving the quality of life of the population;
providing assistance to society in solving social tasks;
development and support of civic initiatives aimed at organizing volunteer activities;
formation of healthy lifestyle skills in the population, education of patriotism;
acquiring self-expression and self-organization skills for solving social tasks by citizens.
According to the law, natural persons who have reached the age of eighteen can perform volunteer activities.
Individuals between sixteen and eighteen years of age can perform volunteer activities, provided that this activity does not harm their health and moral development and does not disrupt the educational process.
Only volunteers over the age of eighteen are allowed to carry out work related to the prevention and elimination of the consequences of emergency situations.
Also, volunteering can be carried out on the basis of a written contract between the volunteer and the organizer of the volunteering activity, in compliance with the provisions of this Law.
The organizer of the volunteer activity must conclude a volunteer contract with the volunteer if he is busy with volunteer activities for more than 20 hours per month.
The volunteer contract is drawn up in two copies, one of which must be kept by the organizer of the volunteer activity, and the other by the volunteer.
State bodies, together with non-governmental non-profit organizations engaged in volunteer activities, can hold various festivals in recognition of services in the field of volunteer activities. With this, it will be possible to applaud the behavior of volunteers in society, to positively evaluate their effective work, and to further expand the ranks of social humanitarian aid providers.
The year 2020 was a test for our country as well as for many countries of the world. The actions of hundreds of young people who volunteered to help during the coronavirus epidemic proved how important the role, goals and tasks of volunteering are for society.